Latvian citizenship can be acquired by naturalisation after ten years of residence in Latvia including five years of permanent residence before the application. Applicants must pass an examination that includes a test of language proficiency, and tests on the country’s history, culture, constitution and national anthem. Applicants must also prove they have a source of income, and show proof of their entrepreneurial and economic activities they carry on in Latvia (if applicable). Applicants will need to show proof that their previous nationality has been renounced, or will automatically be renounced upon the taking up of Latvian citizenship.
Foreign citizens may also obtain citizenship through exceptional naturalisation, at the discretion of the Government of Latvia. Applicants must have a guaranteed, permanent source of income, a clean criminal record and must have settled all tax obligations.